AskDefine | Define crucifix

Dictionary Definition

crucifix

Noun

1 representation of the cross on which Jesus died [syn: rood, rood-tree]
2 a gymnastic exercise performed on the rings when the gymnast supports himself with both arms extended horizontally

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

crucifix (plural crucifixes)
  1. A wooden cross used by the Romans for crucifixions.
  2. An ornamental or symbolic representation of Christ on a crucifix, often worn as a pendant or displayed in a Christian church.

Translations

See also

Extensive Definition

A crucifix (from Latin cruciare meaning "to torture") is a cross with a representation of Jesus' body, or corpus. It is a principal symbol of the Christian religion. It is primarily used in the Catholic, Anglican, and Eastern Orthodox Churches and emphasizes Christ's sacrifice— his death by crucifixion.

The Crucifix

On some crucifixes a skull and crossbones are shown below the corpus, referring to Golgotha (Calvary), the site at which Jesus was crucified—"the place of the skull." It was probably called "Golgotha" because it was a burial-place, or possibly because of a legend that the place of Jesus' crucifixion was also the burial place of Adam. The standard, four-pointed Latin crucifix consists of an upright stand and a crosspiece to which the sufferer's arms were nailed.
The Eastern Christian crucifix includes two additional crossbars: the shorter nameplate, to which INRI was affixed; and the shorter stipes, to which the feet were nailed, which is angled upward toward penitent thief St. Dismas (to the viewer's left) and downward toward impenitent thief Gestas (to the viewer's right). It is thus eight-pointed. The corpora of Eastern crucifixes tend to be two-dimensional icons that show Jesus as already dead, as opposed to the depictions of the still-suffering Jesus that can be found in some other Churches. Also, Eastern crucifixes have Jesus' two feet nailed side by side, rather than one atop the other, as Western crucifixes do. The crown of thorns is also generally absent in Eastern crucifixes. Petersfield,Hampshire

References

crucifix in Czech: Krucifix
crucifix in Danish: Krucifiks
crucifix in German: Kruzifix
crucifix in Spanish: Crucifijo
crucifix in Esperanto: Krucifikso
crucifix in French: Crucifix
crucifix in Korean: 십자고상
crucifix in Croatian: Raspelo
crucifix in Hebrew: קרוסיפיקס
crucifix in Latvian: Krucifikss
crucifix in Lithuanian: Krucifiksas
crucifix in Limburgan: Kruusbeeld
crucifix in Dutch: Crucifix
crucifix in Norwegian: Krusifiks
crucifix in Narom: Cruchefis
crucifix in Polish: Krucyfiks
crucifix in Portuguese: Crucifixo
crucifix in Russian: Распятие Христово
crucifix in Slovak: Krucifix
crucifix in Finnish: Krusifiksi
crucifix in Swedish: Krucifix

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Agnus Dei, Calvary cross, Christogram, Greek cross, Holy Grail, Host, Jerusalem cross, Latin cross, Maltese cross, Pieta, Russian cross, Sanctus bell, Sangraal, T, X, ankh, ark, asperger, asperges, aspergillum, avellan cross, bambino, beadroll, beads, candle, censer, chaplet, chi, chi-rho, christcross, ciborium, crisscross, cross, cross ancre, cross botonee, cross bourdonee, cross fitche, cross fleury, cross formee, cross fourchee, cross grignolee, cross moline, cross of Cleves, cross of Lorraine, cross patee, cross recercelee, cross-crosslet, crossbones, crosslet, cruciform, cruet, crux, crux ansata, crux capitata, crux decussata, crux gammata, crux immissa, crux ordinaria, dagger, eucharistial, ex, exing, fork cross, gammadion, holy cross, holy water, holy-water sprinkler, icon, incensory, inverted cross, long cross, matzo, menorah, mezuzah, mikvah, monstrance, osculatory, ostensorium, papal cross, paschal candle, pax, pectoral cross, phylacteries, potent cross, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, pyx, relics, rood, rosary, sacramental, sacred relics, sacring bell, saltire, shofar, sukkah, swastika, tabernacle, tallith, tau, thurible, trefled cross, urceole, veronica, vigil light, voided cross, votive candle
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